What is the causes of itching scrotum?
Itching scrotum is a critical problem which can be cause by different things ranging from scabies skin infection to fungal infection, irritation and so many other sexual transmitted diseases.
Sometimes Itching scrotum can be so intense that you can’t resist scratching it in the public, so disgusting and embarrassing, so to day we are going to reveal the top causes of scrotal itching.
Sometimes Sweating in your groin area after walking around during the day can cause your testicles to itch more than usual. But other physical and medical conditions can also cause your testicles to get itchy. Some of these conditions may require you to talk to your doctor about a treatment plan or medication in order to take care of the source of the itch.
Causes Of Itching Scrotum?
Like we mention earlier, scrotal itching can be cause by number skin conditions, which could be scabies skin infection, fungal skin infection or common eczema. now take your time to explore the list, as we drop the top causes.
Scabies skin infection
f you notice an itchy rash on your scrotum, you could have scabies. Microscopic mites called Sarcoptes scabiei cause scabies.
how does it cause scrotal itching?
Scabies is an infestation of tiny parasitic mites and can affect any part of a person’s skin, including on the penis (scrotum). The mites spread by close, prolonged skin-to-skin touching, such as sexual contact.
Scabies mites, known scientifically as Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis, are microscopic parasites that burrow into the top layer of a person’s skin. Here, they lay their eggs and cause intense itching.
For diagnosis and possible treatments and medication check here for broader knowledge.
Jock itch, also known as tinea cruris, is one of the most common causes of itchy scrotum.
Jock itch is a fungal infection that occurs in damp areas of the body, often near or in folds of skin. Jock itch can appear on the feet or genitals.
Jock itch often presents as a reddish rash. However, the exact appearance depends on the type of fungus that is causing the infection.
Fungal infections can easily develop around your genital area and testicles if you have unprotected sex or poor hygiene.
One of the most common fungal infections of the genitals is candidiasis . Candida fungi live in or on your body in your intestines and skin. If they grow out of control, they can cause an infection. This can cause your testicles to get itchy.
A different type of fungus, called a dermatophyte, can also result in a similar infection called jock itch.
Other symptoms can include: pain while urinating, burning around your scrotum and penis, swelling of the scrotum or penis skin, reddish skin around the scrotum or penis, abnormal odor, dry, flaky skin
Chafing or irritation
Dry skin around your genital area is common if you walk around in dry heat. Exercising for long periods of time can also cause your skin to get irritated or chafed. In some cases, the skin can be rubbed away enough to cause bleeding.
Some common signs of chafing and irritation include: skin feeling raw to the touch, redness or rash on the skin, surface-level cuts or openings in your skin
Eczema: “This is a chronic skin condition marked by itching, inflammation, redness, and swelling of the skin, This skin condition can be treated to prevent flare-ups.”
Extramammary Paget’s disease of the scrotal skin is a skin cancer that may look similar to eczema. If an eczematous rash does not respond to treatment, this more serious condition is suspected. This rash sometimes involves the groin and the anal skin.
Trichomoniasis (often called trich) is a bacterial STI caused by the Trichomonas vaginalis bacteria.
Trich more commonly infects women, but it can be transmitted to men if condoms or oral dams aren’t used during sex.
Many people who get trich infections never have any symptoms, but trich can cause irritation or inflammation that can make your genital area feel uncomfortable and make it more painful to have sex.
Trich can make your testicles feel itchy and cause other symptoms, such as: itchy feeling inside your penis, discolored (green, yellow, or white) discharge from the penis, pain or burning while urinating or when ejaculating during sex
Contact dermatitis is an allergic reaction. It is most likely to occur when the skin comes into contact with a new substance, including new body or hair wash, new washing detergent, or a new fabric.
Contact dermatitis results in a red, itchy rash that may ooze a white or yellow liquid. The same rash will likely occur in other areas of the body, as well as on the testicles. The thinner skin of the ball sack makes it feel particularly itchy and uncomfortable.
Pubic lice (Pthirus pubis, often known simply as “crabs”) are a type of lice that live in the pubic hair around your genital area or in areas with similarly coarse hair.
Like other types of lice, pubic lice feed on your blood and can’t fly or jump. They can only be spread by coming into contact with someone who has them. This can happen by touching someone in an area where they have a lice infestation.
Pubic lice can’t spread disease or infection when they feed on your blood, but they can make your testicles and genital area feel itchy as they crawl around in your pubic hair. You may also notice a powder-like substance in your underwear or small red or blue spots from louse bites.
Chlamydia is an STI spread by a bacterial infection. It can be spread even if you don’t ejaculate during sex. Like many other STIs, it can also be spread through genital sex as well as oral and anal sex.
Chlamydia can make your testicles itchy and even swollen. Chlamydia usually makes only one testicle feel painful and swollen, which is one of the most distinct signs that you may have an infection. Other symptoms include: discolored (green, yellow, or white) discharge from the penis, pain or burning while urinating, pain, bleeding, or discharge from the rectum or anus
Intertrigo is an inflammatory response to either a bacterial or fungal infection. The resulting rash is often red, raw, and stings.
The inflammation most commonly occurs near folds in the skin and moist areas of the body. The scrotum contains many folds and is a moist environment, which makes it an ideal area for bacteria or fungus to grow
How Can One Contact Contact This Skin Disease?
Scabies can spread quickly and is highly contagious. It’s primarily spread through skin-to-skin contact. Sexual contact and having multiple partners can result in one of the partners spreading the disease.
You can also catch scabies through contact with infected clothing and bedding, but this is a less common. Scabies doesn’t transfer from animals to humans—only through human-to-human contact.
What are the risk factors?
You have an increased risk for contacting various diseases that lead to scrotum itching if you have sexual intercourse or intimate contact with someone who has the disease. Having multiple sexual partners will also increase your risk.
Poor hygiene isn’t a risk factor. However, poor hygiene can worsen the rash by increasing your risk for bacterial infections resulting from scratching.
How to prevent the diseases that cause scrotal itching
Preventing itchy scrotum or any Genital disease requires different precautionary measures depending on the exact cause.
For bacterial or fungal infections, a person should keep the genital area clean and dry. A person should consider wearing looser clothing on hot days or during exercise to help the area remain as dry as possible.
If chafing is the cause, a person can use moisturizers or lubricants to help prevent this rubbing irritation. Moisturizers may also stop itching.
Some STIs can be prevented by a person using proper protection during sexual activity. It is also a good idea to know the sexual history of a partner and find out if they have an STI that can be spread during intercourse.
How are itchy scrotum (testicles) treated?
Treatment for your itchy testicles depends on what’s causing the itch.
To treat chafing and irritation
Chafing and irritation can be treated using lotion or powder that prevents your skin from rubbing against another surface of skin. Using bandages or gauze to cover up a chafed, irritated area can also help make your testicles less itchy.
To treat fungal infections
Fungal infections can go away on their own, but you may need to be treated by antifungals or antifungal creams and ointments. See your doctor for antifungal medication if you believe a fungal infection is causing your testicles to itch.
To treat genital herpes
You may need to take antiviral medication, such as valacyclovir (Valtrex) or acyclovir (Zovirax), for a genital herpes outbreak. Treatment lasts for about a week, but you may need long-term medication if you get outbreaks frequently.
To treat gonorrhea
Gonorrhea infections can be treated and cured with prescription medication. Talk to your doctor about getting treatment as soon as you notice symptoms. Long-term complications of gonorrhea, such as infertility, can’t be cured once the damage has been done.
To treat genital warts
Genital warts can be treated with medicated ointments for your skin, such as imiquimod (Aldara) and podofilox (Condylox). In some cases, your doctor may need to remove warts by freezing them (cryotherapy) or performing surgery to remove them.
To treat chlamydia
Chlamydia can be treated with medication, such as azithromycin (Zithromax) or doxycycline (Acticlate, Doryx). You’ll have to wait at least a week after treatment to have sex again.
To treat pubic lice
Pubic lice can be treated with medications prescribed by your doctor or by over-the-counter treatments. Thoroughly washing the affected area and applying the medication helps kill many of the lice, but you’ll still need to comb through the hair to remove the rest yourself.
You can buy kits for lice removal at many drugstores.
To treat trichomoniasis
Trich can be treated with several doses of tinidazole (Tindamax) or metronidazole (Flagyl). After taking the medication, don’t have sex again for at least a week.
To treat scabies
Your doctor can prescribe ointments, creams, and lotions that can get rid of scabies and treat the rash and itching. Most topical treatments for scabies are applied at night when the mites are most active. It’s then washed off in the morning.
From the list it s seen that most most common cause of itching scrotum are fungal and scabies infection, to prevent Fungal infection you are advice to have your bath regularly and avoid excess sweating.
To prevent scabies you just have to stay away from infected person personal belongings and avoid unprotected sexual intercourse. this same method is apply to the rest.